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Chinese Scientists Develop Virtual Nuclear Power Plant For Safety Assessment

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Chinese scientists have developed a virtual nuclear power plant within a digital society, a software system to help evaluate the safety and efficiency of nuclear energy systems.

Chinese scientists develop virtual nuclear power plant for safety assessment
Chinese scientists
The research of the system, named Virtual4DS, was published as a cover paper in the International Journal of Energy Research in April.

As nuclear safety is the key issue in the development of nuclear energy, research and development of advanced nuclear energy safety technology is imperative.

Advanced numerical simulations can restore the complex physical processes as much as possible and predict nuclear energy system behaviour and safety performance.

Developed by scientists from the Institute of Nuclear Energy Safety Technology under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the system uses information technology to establish an integrated simulation platform for the whole environment of the nuclear power plant.

It can analyse nuclear reactor safety, radiation safety and environmental impact, providing a research tool for nuclear safety design and assessment, accident warning, emergency decision-making and social risk assessment.

Virtual4DS can be connected to a nuclear power plant’s information system and its core modules have been applied in nuclear engineering projects such as ITER, the world’s largest nuclear fusion experimental reactor, and China’s Lead-based Reactor, according to the team.
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Breastfeeding Can Prevent 13% of Infant Mortality — Expert

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Technical Advisor, Policy and Advocacy, Alive & Thrive, Mrs Toyin Adewale-Gabriel, says if 90 per cent of mothers can practice exclusively breastfeeding, not less than 13 per cent of infant mortality can be prevented.

Breastfeeding can prevent 13% of infant mortality
Breastfeeding can prevent 13% of infant mortality
Adewale-Gabriel said this at the forum on “Media Coverage of the 2019 General Elections” organised by the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) in collaboration with the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), on Wednesday in Abuja.

She said that `’52 per cent of all the diseases affecting children in Nigeria were caused by malnutrition.

“ So, if we can address that through appropriate infant and child feeding habit, we will be able to increase the number of children’s safety in Nigeria.

“If we are to do exclusive breastfeeding alone, that alone has the potential to increase the lives of children saved in Nigeria by least 13 per cent.

“Children who are exclusively breast fed have six times greater chance of survival in early months of life than children who are not exclusively breastfed.

“If we can get 90 per cent of mothers in Nigeria to practice exclusive breastfeeding, an estimated 13 per cent of the death of children in Nigeria can be prevented.’’

Adewale-Gabriel said that apart from the fact that children who were breastfed exclusively were smarter than others who did not have it, there were also some economic benefits of breastfeeding.

“For every one dollar that you spend on breastfeeding, the gains are at least 19 dollars, as was calculated in a study called the Economic Cost of Breastfeeding, using World Bank formulae.”

She urged the media to sensitise Nigerians on the need for women to practice adequate breastfeeding of their babies and also patronise hospital facilities during childbirth.

“As media practitioners, it is important to ensure that in our front pages, we publish the information on the benefits of breastfeeding, as well as infant and young child feeding,’’ Adewale-Gabriel said.
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Buhari Returns Emefiele as CBN Governor

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President Muhammadu Buhari has nominated governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Godwin Emefiele for a second term in office.

Buhari returns Emefiele as CBN governor
CBN Governor Emefiele
A letter for the tenure renewal was signed by Buhari on Wednesday and has now been sent to the senate for confirmation.

The CBN Act stipulates that the senate must confirm the nomination of any of its governor before it can take effect.

This is the first time since 1999, when Nigeria returned to democracy, that anyone would be nominated to serve two terms as CBN governor.

Emefiele was first appointed in 2014 by former president Goodluck Jonathan and was retained by Buhari when he took office in 2015.
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Appeal Court Affirms Oyetola’s Election, Adeleke Loses

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The Court of appeal sitting in Abuja has set aside the Governorship Election Petition Tribunal’s judgment which nullified Governor Gboyega Oyetola’s victory in the Osun governorship election.

Appeal Court affirms Oyetola’s election, Adeleke loses
Gboyega Oyetola: victory affirmed by Court of Appeal
In three separate appeals filed by Oyetola, the All Progressives Congress and the Independent National Electoral Commission, the appellate court was asked to set aside the 22 March, 2019 judgement of the tribunal which declared Senator Ademola Adeleke as winner.

The Appeal court has now affirmed Oyetola’s election as declared by the Independent National Electoral Commission.

The tribunal in a split judgment in March declared Adeleke as winner of the September 2018 election and ordered the Independent National Electoral Commission to issue him with the certificate of return.

Two of the judges upheld the petitions filed by the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Ademola Adeleke and the PDP. However, the Chairman of the tribunal differed from the two and upheld Oyetola’s election.

The tribunal’s majority verdict held that the supplementary election by INEC in seven cancelled units on Sept. 22,2018, was null and void.

The tribunal ruled that the Returning Officer who cancelled the results had no power to do so.
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Kano Assembly Creates Four New Emirates

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The Kano State House of Assembly (KNHA), has approved the amendment of the Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs law, paving way for the decentralisation of the Kano Emirate council.

Kano Assembly creates Four new emirates
Emir Muhammadu Sanusi of Kano.
The bill, known as Kano Emirs Appointment and Deposition Amendment Bill 2019 was promptly signed into law by Governor Abdullahi Ganduje.

It allows for the creation of four more first class emirs Rano, Karaye, Bichi and Gaya councils.

News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the assembly embarked on its earlier plans to amend the law following a petition filed before the house by Ibrahim Chambers.

The petitioner demanded for the upgrading of some traditional rulers to the status of 1st class emirs.

Chambers in the petition sought for the creation of the four additional 1st class emirate councils in Karaye, Bichi, Rano and Gaya.

According to the petition, the establishment of the emirate councils will bring more development to the people of the area.

NAN also reports that the committee earlier set up by the assembly to look into the issue of reviewing the law presented its report before the legislators on Tuesday.

Reading the joint committees report before the floor of the house on Tuesday, the majority leader, Alhaji Baffa Danagundi, said the report also recommended the review of the law.

According to him, the decision followed wide consultation with stakeholders, adding that the feedback the committee received from the public, massively supported the upgrade of those emirate councils.

He said the response received clearly showed that the need to upgrade the traditional rulers was necessary.

According to Danagundi, the law if signed into law by the Governor of the state, Dr Abdullahi Ganduje, the emirate council, except Bichi, will have their own kingmakers.

He explained that the Bichi emirate council would have its Kingmakers from the old emirate council, Gidan Dabo in particular.

According to Danagundi, the creation of the new first class emirs would bring more job opportunities, boost the economy, and ensure security of the state.

Governor Ganduje, who spoke immediately after signing the bill into law, said “this is what the people of Kano State want.

“This will encourage active and deeper participation of people of Kano State especially in the rural communities in the affairs of the state.

“It will also encourage active participation of traditional rulers in the areas of agriculture, education, health and security.”

The governor also said that there was need to upgrade the traditional rulers based on their historical antecedents so that aspirations and dreams of their forefathers would come true.

Ganduje added that all other processes for the take off of the new emirates would be completed while letters of appointment and dates of Coronation of the new first class emirs would be fixed.

The governor also signed six other bills into law.

The bills are; Kano State Administration of Criminal Justice Law 2019, Kano State Public Health Law 2019 and Kano State Water and Sanitation Sector Reform Law 2019.

Others are, Kano State College of Health Science and Technology Law 2019, Kano State Sharia Courts Amendment Law 2019, Kano State Pension and Rights of Governors and Deputy Law 2019 and Kano State Pension and Right of Speaker and Deputy Speaker Law 2019.
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